February 15

How Does Refinancing Work?


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Refinancing debt, often referred to as “refi,” involves settling existing debts using a new financing arrangement. Borrowers opt for debt refinancing for various reasons, such as lowering their interest rates, adjusting their payment timetable, or streamlining multiple payments into one.

Debt refinancing is a widespread practice, and borrowers frequently pursue it to obtain more favorable terms. This typically involves refinancing through a personal loan, secured loan, or even a remortgage.


What is refinancing? 

Refinancing is the practice of obtaining fresh financing to settle existing financial obligations. This term was coined back in 1901 when the process of refinancing gained popularity. During the refinancing process, adjustments are made to the interest rate, payment schedule, and other terms, and the borrower signs a new financing agreement.

For instance, consider a borrower with a £2,000 overdraft and a credit card debt of £6,000 spread across three cards. They could opt to refinance by taking out a personal loan of £8,000. In doing so, the borrower might secure a lower interest rate and transition from revolving credit to a structured repayment plan with fixed monthly installments.


How to refinance investment property

Refinancing your investment property involves several steps. You’ll start by approaching a lender, discussing your refinancing needs, and negotiating the most suitable agreement. This process can be complex, but Rangewell can help simplify it by guiding you to the right lenders for your specific requirements.

If you decide to handle it independently, you must ensure you have sufficient equity in your property or meet any criteria set by your current lender (typically a waiting period of six months before refinancing is allowed). You’ll also need to prepare documentation to support your application, including a business plan and evidence of your property’s increased value or rental income.

Next, you’ll need to identify the appropriate lender, which could be a traditional bank or a challenger bank, and engage in negotiations with them. Keep in mind that you may be responsible for covering exit costs and new fees from both your existing and future lenders. Working with Rangewell can simplify this process and provide guidance every step of the way.


Why refinance investment properties? 

Many investment properties go through development or refurbishment to enhance their value for tenants or buyers. As the property owner, it’s essential to weigh the development costs against the anticipated return, considering the property’s increased value.

Refinancing offers a way to manage these expenses by providing access to various loan options, different from your initial agreement. For instance, if you acquired the property at auction using short-term bridging refinance, you might be dealing with high short-term repayment rates.


How to use refinancing to your advantage

In the realm of property investment, there’s ample opportunity to maximize the value of your investments with the right approach. Refinancing offers extended terms or reduced repayments, freeing up cash to fuel your investment growth. Here are a few strategies to achieve just that:


  1. Increase your rental yield

Opt for refinancing to switch to a landlord-friendly loan, like a buy-to-let mortgage, or improve the terms of your existing one. Utilize the released capital to enhance your rental properties or explore expansion opportunities, such as converting properties into HMOs, which are increasingly popular in urban areas.


  1. Finance portfolio growth

Consider a cash-out refinance to access funds for a new property’s deposit. After acquiring the new property, think about refinancing once again to consolidate debts, simplifying your repayment structure, even when you own multiple properties.


  1. Consolidate multiple debts

Debt consolidation streamlines the financial management for all investors. By combining various loans into a single repayment plan, you can focus on growth more efficiently without juggling multiple debts.


Types of Refinancing

There are several types of refinancing options. The type of loan a borrower decides to get depends on the needs of the borrower. Some of these refinancing options include:


  1. Rate-and-Term Refinancing

Rate-and-term refinancing is the most common form of refinancing. It involves paying off the original loan and replacing it with a new one that offers lower interest payments.


  1. Cash-out Refinancing

Cash-out refinances are frequently used when the asset serving as collateral for the loan has appreciated in value. This process entails tapping into the asset’s increased value or equity in exchange for a larger loan amount, often accompanied by a higher interest rate.

In essence, if the value of an asset has risen on paper, you can access that increased value through a loan without the need to sell the asset. This choice expands the overall loan amount, providing the borrower with immediate cash while retaining ownership of the asset.


  1. Cash-in Refinancing

A cash-in refinance allows the borrower to pay down some portion of the loan for a lower loan-to-value (LTV) ratio or smaller loan payments.


  1. Consolidation Refinancing

Sometimes, a consolidation loan can serve as an efficient method for refinancing. This approach comes into play when an investor secures a single loan at an interest rate lower than the average rate they were paying across multiple credit products.

To execute this type of refinancing, the individual or business needs to apply for a new loan at a reduced interest rate and then use this new loan to settle their existing debts. This leaves them with a total outstanding principal subject to significantly lower interest rate payments.


The Pros and Cons of Refinancing



Here are some benefits of refinancing your mortgage:

  1. Lower your monthly mortgage payment and interest rate.
  2. Switch from an adjustable interest rate to a fixed one for more predictability and potential savings.
  3. Access extra cash for urgent financial needs.
  4. Choose a shorter loan term to reduce the total interest you pay.



Consider these factors when refinancing your mortgage:

  1. If your loan term is reset to its original length, the total interest paid over the loan’s life might offset your savings from a lower rate.
  2. With a fixed-rate mortgage, you won’t benefit from interest rate drops unless you refinance once more.
  3. Refinancing may reduce your home equity.
  4. Opting for a shorter loan term will increase your monthly payments and entail additional closing costs.


Why Would You Refinance Your Home?

Homeowners consider refinancing for several reasons, with the primary goal being to secure more favorable loan terms. This typically involves obtaining a lower interest rate, which reduces mortgage costs and leads to more affordable monthly payments. Additionally, homeowners may refinance to modify the mortgage term or access home equity for purposes like debt consolidation or home renovations.


MORE Property blogs HERE: 

Buy To Let Defaults Surge with Rising Rates

Cashing Out of Buy To Let? Top Places to Make a Quick Sale

Buy-to-let Home Insurance UK

Why Are Buy-to-Let Mortgages Interest Only?

Is Buy-to-Let Still Profitable Today?

A Comprehensive Guide to Buy-to-Let Mortgages

First-Time Buyer’s Guide to Buy-to-Let Mortgages


How Does Refinancing Work?, How to refinance investment property, How to use refinancing to your advantage, Types of Refinancing, Why refinance investment properties?

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